Top Web3 Architecture Layers Explained: Frontend, Backend, and Data by Vitalii Shevchuk

So-called “stablecoins,” whose value is pegged to the dollar, the euro, or some other external reference, have been pitched as upgrades to the global financial system. And crypto has gained traction as a solution for cross-border payments, especially for users in volatile environments. Blockchain technology A blockchain in simple terms is an immutable digital ledger which is managed… Web3 is currently a work-in-progress and isn’t exactly defined yet.

The main frontend architecture in the case of DApp is focused on communication with smart contracts . Join the future of web3 by seamlessly integrating blockchain solutions into your business. To understand web3 and everything it is, and is not, it is important to first understand web1 and web2. As the name suggests, web1 and web2 are the technologies preceding web3.

web3 meaning

On a more granular level, Molly White, a software engineer, created Web3 Is Going Just Great, where she tracks the many hacks, scams, and implosions in the Web3 world, underscoring the pitfalls of the unregulated, Wild West territory. While companies such as Microsoft, Overstock, and PayPal have accepted cryptocurrencies for years, NFTs — which have recently exploded in popularity — are the primary way brands are now experimenting with Web3. Practically speaking, an NFT is some mix of a deed, a certificate of authenticity, and a membership card.

It can confer “ownership” of digital art or rights or access to a group. NFTs can operate on a smaller scale than coins because they create their own ecosystems and require nothing more than a community of people who find value in the project. For example, baseball cards are valuable only to certain collectors, but that group really believes in their value. For one, the internet was becoming more interactive; it was an era of user-generated content, or the read/write web. Social media was a key feature of Web2 (or Web 2.0, as you may know it), and Facebook, Twitter, and Tumblr came to define the experience of being online.

Companies and internet service providers will have to make huge investments in edge computing to move computing capacity closer to users in order to reduce latency. Proponents envision Web3 as an internet that does not require us to hand over personal information to companies like Facebook and Google in order to use their services. The web would be powered by blockchain technology and artificial intelligence, with all information published on the public ledger of the blockchain. Web 1 was the original, and essentially a ‘read only’ internet that connected computers worldwide. This evolved into Web2, now often referred to as the read-write internet.

AI could work as your own personal butler, creating personalized experiences for you using the data you control. You may also be able to build custom games and environments using AI. Another piece of the Web 3.0 puzzle was dreamed of way back in the 1990s.

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Anyone can participate in building it or investing in it from day one. The company announces the release of x number of tokens, and give 10% to the early builders, put 10% for sale to the public, and set the rest aside for future payment of contributors and funding of the project. These protocols may often offer a variety of different services like compute, storage, bandwidth, identity, hosting, and other web services commonly provided by cloud providers in the past. Because banks are also digital and under centralized control, governments often intervene there as well. They can shut down access to bank accounts or limit access to funds during times of volatility, extreme inflation, or other political unrest. There are even websites dedicated to keeping up with these breaches and telling you when your data has been compromised.

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  • And web3 people would argue that if you’re going to spend hours and hours of your day playing a video game, you should at least have the opportunity to get paid for it.
  • One potentially big problem is that crypto tokens — which are critical to many web3 applications — currently exist in a regulatory gray zone in the United States.
  • The first iteration of the World Wide Web emerged in the late 1980s and early 1990s out of the need for better data sharing among the scientific community.

This adds another layer of protection, meaning no one person other than whoever is in control of the data can access or change it without the permission of either the person who owns it or the entire distributed network. As was already mentioned, using a search engine in natural language is highly effective. As a result, decisions are no longer made by a centralized authority but rather by users who own governance tokens, which may be acquired by taking part in the maintenance of these decentralized programmes or by purchasing them. It will use AI technology, Machine Learning, and Blockchain to provide users with smart applications.

Web 2.0 Monetization and Security

Executives from venture capital firm Andreessen Horowitz traveled to Washington, D.C., in October 2021 to lobby for the idea as a potential solution to questions about regulation of the web, with which policymakers have been grappling. Just as cryptocurrency blockchains are built to prevent “double spending,” a blockchain-centric internet would, in theory, make it harder to manipulate and control data. Since data would be decentralized, no gatekeeper would have control of it, meaning they couldn’t bar anyone’s access to the internet. The leader in news and information on cryptocurrency, digital assets and the future of money, CoinDesk is a media outlet that strives for the highest journalistic standards and abides by a strict set of editorial policies. CoinDesk is an independent operating subsidiary of Digital Currency Group, which invests in cryptocurrencies and blockchain startups.

web3 meaning

However, the main principle is that it will be decentralized – rather than controlled by governments and corporations, as is the case with today’s internet – and, to some extent, connected to the concept of the “metaverse.” But one thing most analysts agree is that the demand for data security will be of prime importance. It follows that there would be a great need for security specialists and security-related systems.

Our best expert advice on how to grow your business — from attracting new customers to keeping existing customers happy and having the capital to do it. Grow Our best expert advice on how to grow your business — from attracting new customers to keeping existing customers happy and having the capital to do it. The value of shares and ETFs bought through a share dealing account can fall as well as rise, which could mean getting back less than you originally put in.

Tim Berners-Lee had said that the Semantic Web is meant to “automatically” interface with systems, people and home devices. As such, content creation and decision-making processes will involve both humans and machines. This would enable the intelligent creation and distribution of highly-tailored content straight to every internet consumer. Web 1.0 didn’t have algorithms to sift internet pages, which made it extremely hard for users to find relevant information. Simply put, it was like a one-way highway with a narrow footpath where content creation was done by a select few and information came mostly from directories. There are a few details that we need to keep in mind when looking into Web3 tech.

Or, you may have already interacted with Web 3.0 applications, such as an Internet of Things appliance. Perhaps you’ve even explored the possibilities and meaning of the Metaverse. You may have been exposed to examples of Web 3.0 without even knowing it. Apple’s AI assistant lets users control their surroundings and devices with voice commands.


In web2 (or Web 2.0, as it was usually called then), people began creating and posting their own content, actively participating in the internet rather than passively reading it. But most of that activity ended up being distributed and monetized by big companies, which kept most, if not all, of the money and control for themselves. An example of people using blockchain includes registering digital assets and tokens , which allow people to transfer digital goods seamlessly without needing to know the other party. Personal identity isn’t revealed unless users decide to share their real identity by tying their blockchain wallets (think of this as your Web 3.0 ID) to their personal information. An emerging governance ideal within the blockchain and Web 3.0 community is the concept of a decentralized autonomous organization .

web3 meaning

Under Web 3.0, search engine, platform, and connectivity capabilities will skyrocket. Rather than discerning meaning from a series of ones and zeros, keywords, headers, links, and other metadata, computers will be able to understand context and identify your true needs and goals. The first iteration of the World Wide Web emerged in the late 1980s and early 1990s out of the need for better data sharing among the scientific community. The term “read-only web” was coined by Tim Berners-Lee, because while Web 1.0 made it much easier to exchange information, you couldn’t interact with websites, you could only read them.

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Users must comprehend security concerns, understand complex technical documentation, and navigate unintuitive user interfaces. Wallet providers, in particular, are working to solve this, but more progress is needed before Web3 gets adopted en masse. Web3 solves these problems by allowing you to control your digital identity with an Ethereum address and ENS profile.

Even if you’re not into blockchain technology like Bitcoin and NFTs, you’ve probably heard about Web3 (or Web 3.0). Your tech-savvy friends might be telling you it’s the future, but the concept is a bit confusing. Part of the risk involved in Web3 is that we currently have many unanswered questions. There is the risk here that Web3 could – if left unchecked – degenerate into an unsafe environment with no means of moderating hate speech. Ubiquity means being or having the capacity to be everywhere, especially at the same time.

You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. 84% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. Similarly, “permissionless” means that neither party in a transaction or interaction have to seek permission from a third party before it can take place.

Web 3.0 means immersing yourself in the digital experience, and it involves concepts like individual control of personal data, cryptocurrency, and decentralized record keeping on the blockchain. Creating this level of ownership online has the potential to completely change how brands and consumers interact. Suddenly, we will be faced with online spaces that are more like the real world than ever before.

As technology moved forward, web pages started getting more and more advanced. This allowed developers to create more interesting and interactive web pages, which marked the start of the web2 era. The way IPFS works is that when you add a file to IPFS, your file is split into smaller chunks, cryptographically hashed, and given a unique fingerprint called a content identifier .

And it’s not just consumer relationships that will be altered; B2B transactions and partnerships will be altered thanks to the ability to link services and goods in unprecedented ways. This new hybrid version of reality is different to the Metaverse, which is a shared digital reality enabling users to connect and collaborate in real time. While it will enable the creation of economies, there is no inherent interest in ownership, which is the core of Web3. Web3 refers to a decentralized version of the Internet, while Web3 cryptos are digital assets that are used by Web3 blockchain-based applications to provide specific services and rewards to users. Just in case you’ve missed all the hype – the idea of the metaverse is that it will be a much more immersive, social and persistent version of the internet which we all know and love.

This exchange of knowledge and skill should mutually benefit both, as Web 2.0 firms learn from Web3’s innovations, while Web3 startups can learn from Web 2.0 best practices. In the end, Web2 companies may even provide much greater freedom, control and even financial incentives to their users in order to retain them. Protocols and tools like Ceramic and IDX already allow developers to build self-sovereign identity into their applications to replace traditional authentication and identity layers. The Ethereum foundation also has a working RFP for defining a specification for “Sign in with Ethereum” which would help provide a more streamlined and documented way to do this going forward.

As Meta’s Q earnings and tanking stock price have shown, investors and users are not very enthused about Facebook’s metaverse plans. To get the money, they take on venture capital and give away a percentage of the company. This investment immediately introduces mis-aligned incentives that will, in the long run, not align well with building out the best user experience. Decentralized applications are digital applications that run on a blockchain or P2P network of computers instead of a single computer. Defining features of Web 3.0 include decentralization; trustlessness and permissionlessness; artificial intelligence and machine learning; and connectivity and ubiquity. Innovations such as smartphones, mobile internet access, and social networks have driven the exponential growth of Web 2.0.

Run Practical and real-world advice on how to run your business — from managing employees to keeping the books. Atlantic writer Rex Woodbury believes that the incentives of Web3 would turn everything into investible assets, injecting a transaction into every relationship and confounding human agency with financial obligation. Welcome to the confusing, contested, exciting, utopian, scam-ridden, disastrous, democratizing, decentralized world of Web3.

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